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Socializing your kitten

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Socializing your kitten

Want a friendly, confident cat? The way you raise her during early kittenhood plays a huge role in achieving that goal.

There’s a critical period in kitten development — between four and 14 weeks of age— when a kitten’s personality is shaped by her experiences. During this time, a kitten’s brain is like a sponge, soaking up all of her encounters and storing them away for future reference. If she’s socialized— meaning she gets lots of handling by people and exposure to different sights, sounds, and experiences— she’ll be self-assured and sociable when she faces these people, sights, sounds, and experiences as an adult. Without this crash course in kittenhood, she can grow up to be shy, skittish, and not very friendly.

The age at which your kitten leaves her mom can also affect development. Traditionally, kittens have gone to new homes at six to eight weeks of age, but knowledgeable breeders keep their kittens until 12 weeks. During the additional time with their mother and littermates, kittens learn important lessons such as bite and scratch inhibition — how to use their teeth and claws cautiously — as well as other perceptual, motor, and social skills.

Bring your new kitten home too early, and you risk getting a cat with behavior problems such as separation anxiety, obsessive sucking or chewing on objects, and poor litter box habits. She can also have more trouble adjusting to her new home and getting along with other cats, because she never learned how to behave toward them.

Don’t worry that a kitten won’t bond with you if you bring her home after her 12-week birthday. If anything, she’ll be a much better companion.

How to pick a kitten who’s been socialized

It’s easy to tell if a kitten has good social skills:

  • Look for a kitten who’s had plenty of handling and exposure to different sounds, sights, and experiences. A good breeder will do this, as will a quality shelter or rescue group.
  • Look for a kitten who’s confident and eager for attention from people, who enjoys being held and petted and follows people around.
  • Look for a kitten who recovers quickly when startled by an unexpected noise such as a handclap.

If the kitten’s younger than 10 weeks, you can still make up for poor socialization. Even feral kittens can be turned into people-friendly cats and adopted, if they’re caught and handled before 10 weeks of age. After that point, it can be difficult, if not impossible, to socialize. Do your best not to let sympathy for a tense or shy kitten affect your choice.

How to socialize your kitten

Socialization isn’t just up to the breeder or rescue group; you need to keep it up once your kitten comes home.

  • Expose your kitten to many kinds of people — men, women, people wearing eyeglasses or hats, people who use wheelchairs or walkers, and so on. Meeting the same eight friends or neighbors over and over again doesn’t count; you need to introduce her to lots of different people.
  • Expose her to dogs. Just make sure to pick cat-friendly canines, and supervise their meeting so no one gets hurt.
  • Expose her to household sounds such as blenders, TVs, and vacuum cleaners — anything she’s going to be hearing throughout her life.
  • Consider signing her up for a kitten kindergarten class, where she can polish her social skills with other kittens and people, learn tricks, and practice good behaviors like using a scratching post. You’ll learn how to read her body language, communicate with her, and reinforce use of the litter box. This is ideal if you’d like your kitten to become a therapy cat.

Although your kitten’s experiences during the early weeks and months are the most influential, continue to socialize throughout her life. It helps keep her sociable and mentally agile.

Bottom line: To get a well-socialized cat, pick a kitty who was handled frequently and exposed to lots of different people, sights, sounds, and experiences in early kittenhood. Keep up the socialization once you bring your kitten home, and don’t forget to make plenty of time for playtime.

Source: CatTime

American Curl

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American Curl

The Curl stands out for his distinctively shaped ears, but even without them he is a striking cat with a sweet expression.

American Curl cat breed Characteristics:
Affectionate with Family (5 / 5)
Amount of Shedding (4 / 5)
General Health (5 / 5)
Potential for Playfulness (4 / 5)
Tendency to Vocalize (5 / 5)
Kid Friendly (4 / 5)
Friendly Toward Strangers (4 / 5)
Easy to Groom (4 / 5)
Pet Friendly (4 / 5)
Vital Stats
Life Span: 12 to 16 years

Detailed Info:

HistorySizePersonalityHealthCareCoat Color And GroomingChildren And Other PetsRescue Groups
The American Curl is one of the most youthful feline breeds. It was conceived of a characteristic hereditary transformation that initially showed up in Shulamith, a stray dark cat with long, smooth hair and, peculiarly, ears that twisted in reverse. She discovered her way to the inviting entryway of Joe and Grace Ruga in Lakewood, California. The Rugas named her Shulamith after the “dark and attractive” princess in the Old Testament book the Song of Solomon.

Shulamith had a litter of four little cats by an obscure father, and two of them shared her wavy ears. A meeting with a geneticist demonstrated that the characteristic was created by an overwhelming quality. Feline fanciers started specifically rearing the felines in 1983, and the new breed, named the American Curl, started to be enlisted by the Cat Fanciers Association in 1986. They were perceived by The International Cat Association in 1987 and accomplished full acknowledgment from CFA in 1993. With practically unbelievable velocity, the trek from stray to pedigreed breed took just six years. The breed additionally emerges for being the main single breed with two coat lengths perceived by CFA.

All American Curls are dropped from Shulamith. The felines can be reared to different Curls or outcrossed to non-pedigreed local felines with straight ears that generally meet the Curl breed standard. This guarantees a huge quality pool and hereditary differing qualities. Straight-eared cats from American Curl litters can be utilized as a part of reproducing projects or put as pets.

The American Curl is a medium-size cat, weighing 5 to 10 pounds.
The cordial and tender American Curl is known for his kin adoring identity. He even likes youngsters, which is not generally the situation with felines, and has been known not out their organization. Consistent with to his local shorthair legacy, he is tolerably dynamic, inquisitive and brilliant. He is liable to chase after you to see what you’re doing, yet he’s not loquacious or bossy like a few breeds. On the off chance that need be, he will unobtrusively appeal to you for consideration, nourishment or whatever else he needs. When you return home from work, he will readily welcome you with a head knock and might even extend the friendly motion to visitors in the home.

American Curls are frequently called the “Dwindle Pan” of the feline world. It is not abnormal to see more established Curls flying through the house with the same amount of euphoria as more youthful ones. Guys and females are similarly dynamic.

The Curl likes to play and can figure out how to get. He’s likewise equipped for opening doorknobs, so be watchful what you set away in any cupboards that are inside of his compass. When he’s prepared for a break, he will cheerfully subside into a lap. He is ready and versatile, appropriate to any home or family who will love him.

Both pedigreed felines and blended breed felines have shifting rates of wellbeing issues that might be hereditary in nature. American Curls are for the most part solid, yet a few lines have issues with thin ear channels, which can prompt ear contaminations from wax development.
The Curl’s jacket can be short or long, and both lengths are anything but difficult to tend to. The longhaired assortment has little undercoat, so it’s unrealistic to tangle or tangle. A week after week brushing is bounty to keep the longhaired or shorthaired Curl looking lovely. Take a stab at running the sift in reverse through the shorthair’s jacket; it can evacuate any dead hair that has aggregated. Shorthairs shed year-round and tend to shed more than the longhairs. Amid warm months, when the longhairs might shed all the more intensely, it’s a smart thought to brush or brush all the more regularly. A shower is infrequently fundamental.

Brush the teeth to avoid periodontal sickness. Day by day dental cleanliness is best, yet week after week brushing is superior to anything nothing. Trim the nails each couple of weeks. Wipe the edges of the eyes with a delicate, soggy fabric to evacuate any release. Utilize a different territory of the material for every eye so you don’t risk spreading any disease.

Check the ears week after week. On the off chance that they look messy, wipe them out with a cotton ball or delicate clammy material soaked with a 50-50 blend of juice vinegar and warm water. Abstain from utilizing cotton swabs, which can harm the inside of the ear. Handle the ears precisely; you would prefer not to break the ligament.

Keep the American Curl’s litter box spotlessly perfect. Felines are exceptionally specific about washroom cleanliness.

It’s a smart thought to keep an American Curl as an indoor-just feline to shield him from infections spread by different felines, assaults by pooches or coyotes, and alternate threats that face felines who go outside, for example, being hit by an auto. American Curl who go outside likewise risk being stolen by somebody who might want to have such a delightful feline without paying for it.

The Curl emerges for his unmistakably molded ears, yet even without them he is a hitting feline with a sweet expression, and a sleek coat that can be long or short and any shading, including such fascinating shades as chocolate tortoiseshell smoke, silver fixed dark-striped cat and lilac lynx point. The longhaired assortment has a really plumed tail.

The ears, be that as it may, are the most captivating trademark. Straight when a little cat is conceived, they start to twist back at two to 10 days after conception. They twist, uncurl and twist some more until achieving their perpetual shape when a cat is around 4 months old. A cat bound for the show ring will have a sickle molded ear with a base 90 degree curve of twist however close to 180 degrees. The tips of the respectably expansive ear are adjusted and adaptable, frequently decorated with tufts of hide. At the point when Curls are ready, their ears swivel forward, yet the tips point to the focal point of the base of the skull.

The Curl is sweet toward youngsters, settling on him a decent decision for families who will regulate kids to ensure they pet the feline pleasantly and don’t pull his ears or tail. He is upbeat to live with feline amicable pooches, as well, because of his affable aura. Present pets gradually and in controlled circumstances to guarantee that they figure out how to get along together.
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American Bobtail

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American Bobtail cat breed

With his short tail, tufted ears and toes, and effective body, the American Bobtail has a particularly wild look.

American Bobtail cat breed Characteristics:
Affectionate with Family (4 / 5)
Amount of Shedding (4 / 5)
General Health (4 / 5)
Potential for Playfulness (4 / 5)
Tendency to Vocalize (3 / 5)
Kid Friendly (4 / 5)
Friendly Toward Strangers (4 / 5)
Easy to Groom (3 / 5)
Intelligence (4 / 5)
Pet Friendly (4 / 5)
Vital Stats
Life Span: 11 to 15 years

Detailed Info:

HistorySizePersonalityHealthCareCoat Color And GroomingChildren And Other PetsRescue Groups
Bobtailed cats, the aftereffect of a characteristic hereditary change that causes an abbreviated tail, have showed up in different spots throughout the hundreds of years, from Japan to the Isle of Man. At times they get saw by the right individuals, and voila! Another breed is conceived. Such was the situation with the American Bobtail, which slips from a short-tailed cat procured by John and Brenda Sanders amid an excursion to Arizona. They named him Yodi, and he turned into the father of the breed in the swinging ’60s when he had his way with the Sanders’ female, Mishi, once they touched base back home in Iowa.

Yodi and Mishi’s little cats had short tails, as well, a piece of information that the characteristic was brought on by an overwhelming quality. Family companion Mindy Shoultz, who’d had experience rearing Persians, joined forces with Charlotte Bentley to form the abnormal felines into a breed. They reproduced the little cats to different felines with normally short tails that were found in different spots all through the United States and Canada. They specifically reared the felines to be enormous and durable with a wild look yet a sweet temper. The greater part of the felines used to build up the breed were non-pedigreed household shorthairs and longhairs. Presently, following 50 years, such outcrossing is no more vital in light of the fact that now the felines have families longer than their tails.

The International Cat Association acknowledged the American Bobtail into its new breed class in 1989 and gave it full acknowledgment in 2002. The American Bobtail is likewise perceived by the Cat Fanciers Association and the American Cat Fanciers Association.

The American Bobtail typically weighs 8 to 13 pounds.
Suppose you cherish the Golden Retriever’s identity, however his size and vitality level are more than you can deal with. American Bobtail sweethearts say you ought to investigate their feline. He’s a significant other with an endearing personality who is committed to his kin, chases after them, wants to play, strolls pleasantly on a chain (in the wake of preparing, obviously), and invites visitors with a grin.

This is a keen feline who appreciates riddle toys, learning traps, and playing bring. He isn’t as vocal as a few breeds, yet he corresponds his pleasure with twitters, snaps and trills, and in addition the standard murmur and howl.

The American Bobtail has a versatile nature, so he’s a decent voyager. Long-separate truckers and Rvers observe him to be an incredible buddy. The felines have likewise found a specialty with a few psychotherapists in light of their cherishing and instinctive nature. That same versatility and graciousness makes him a decent family buddy and suited to an assortment of ways of life, from loose to boisterous.

Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. American Bobtails are generally healthy.
The American Bobtail’s jacket doesn’t normally tangle or tangle the length of you brush or brush it a few times each week. You might see that the feline sheds more in the spring and fall, so it can be a smart thought to prepare him all the more much of the time amid those times. A shower is once in a while important.

Brush the teeth to counteract periodontal illness. Day by day dental cleanliness is best, however week after week brushing is superior to anything nothing. Trim the nails each couple of weeks. Wipe the sides of the eyes with a delicate, clammy material to uproot any release. Utilize a different region of the material for every eye so you don’t risk spreading any disease.

Check the ears week after week. On the off chance that they look filthy, wipe them out with a cotton ball or delicate moist material saturated with a 50-50 blend of juice vinegar and warm water. Abstain from utilizing cotton swabs, which can harm the inside of the ear.

Keep the litter box spotlessly perfect. Felines are extremely specific about lavatory cleanliness.

It’s a smart thought to keep an American Bobtail as an indoor-just feline to shield him from ailments spread by different felines, assaults by mutts or coyotes, and alternate perils that face felines who go outside, for example, being hit by an auto. American Bobtails who go outside likewise risk being stolen by somebody who might want to have such a wonderful feline without paying for it.

With his short tail, tufted ears and toes, and effective body, the American Bobtail has an unmistakably wild look—like that of a wildcat—yet he’s a residential feline completely. He runs in size from medium to huge and develops gradually, taking up to three years to achieve his full size.

Since this breed is recognized by his short tail, it’s as great a spot as any to start a portrayal of his looks. Every tail is exceptional. Most are 1 to 4 crawls in length, yet they can be shorter or more. The perfect bobtail is adaptable and expressive, sufficiently long to be noticeable over the back when the feline is ready, and might be candid with a fat cushion toward the end, marginally bended or crimped, or uneven along the length of the tail. Little cats are never totally tailless, as once in a while happens with the Manx. A few litters have little cats with full-length tails. They won’t be stars in the show ring, yet they can be utilized as a part of rearing projects.

The perceptibly athletic body is secured with shaggy hide in two lengths. The shorthaired American Bobtail really has a medium-length twofold coat with hard external hairs overlaying a delicate, wool undercoat.When the coat is a weaken shading, a lynx point or a silver, the coat might have a gentler composition. Longhaired Bobtails have a ruff around the neck and long hair on the britches (upper rear legs), gut and tail. On the face, the longhair might look as though he is wearing lamb cleaves. The hide comes in all hues and examples. The eyes can be any shading aside from odd (every eye an alternate shading).

The social and laidback American Bobtail likes to play, so he’s a decent decision for families with kids. Continuously regulate more youthful kids to ensure they don’t hurt the feline by pulling his hide or curving his tail.

He is cheerful to live with different felines and feline benevolent puppies, as well, on account of his pleasant aura. Present pets gradually and in controlled circumstances to guarantee that they figure out how to get along together.

Source

Abyssinian cats

Abyssinian cat photo
Abyssinian cat breed

A love of heights is a signal trait of the Abyssinian.
He likes to be as high up as possible and will appreciate having one or more ceiling-height cat trees

Abyssinian cat breed Characteristics:
Affectionate with Family (3 / 5)
Amount of Shedding (3 / 5)
General Health (2 / 5)
Potential for Playfulness (5 / 5)
Kid Friendly (5 / 5)
Easy to Groom (3 / 5)
Intelligence (5 / 5)
Pet Friendly (5 / 5)
Vital Stats
Life Span: 9 to 15 years

Detailed Info:

HistorySizePersonality Health Care Coat Color And Grooming Children And Other Pets Rescue Groups
Showing cats was all the rage in the late Victorian era. One of the unusual breeds exhibited at the Crystal Palace Cat Show in 1871 was an Abyssinian — “captured in the late Abyssinian War” — who took third place. The report on the cat show, published in the January 27, 1872, issue of Harper’s Weekly, was the first known mention in print of the breed. Unfortunately, no records exist regarding the cats’ origins, although myths and speculation abound, including claims that it was the cat of the pharaohs, and that it was created in Britain by crossing silver and brown tabbies with cats that had “ticked” coats.

Today, genetic evidence suggests that the cats came from Indian Ocean coastal regions and parts of Southeast Asia. British and Dutch traders may well have brought the cats from ports such as Calcutta, India, or the islands of Indonesia. A taxidermied specimen of a ruddy ticked cat exhibited in the 1830s at the Leiden Zoological Museum in The Netherlands, where he was labeled “Patrie, domestica India,” gives creedence to that theory. The cats were probably given the name Abyssinian because Zula, the cat exhibited at the Crystal Palace, was said to have been imported from Abyssinia (now Ethiopia). Early pedigrees show crosses to non-Abyssinian cats, which may explain the introduction of new coat colors and the gene for long hair.

American cat fanciers first imported some Abyssinians in 1900, but Abyssinian breeding programs didn’t get a real start in the United States until the 1930s, when more of the cats were imported from Britain. It’s a good thing that a number of cats were exported to the U.S. because World War II devastated the breed. Only a dozen of the cats had survived in England by the end of the war. The breed bounced back, however, and has become one of the most popular cat breeds.

This is a medium-size cat weighing 6 to 10 pounds.
Of all the cat breeds, the Abyssinian is perhaps the one who lives life to the fullest. He climbs higher, jumps farther, plays harder. Nothing escapes the notice of this highly intelligent and inquisitive cat, a quality that makes life with him both endlessly entertaining and continuously challenging. Staying a step ahead of an Aby, as the breed is nicknamed, or even just keeping pace with him, requires the fancy footwork of a Fred Astaire, the brainpower of an Einstein and a sense of humor that never stops. You never know what he’ll get into next, although you can assume that if you have something or are doing something, your Aby will want to investigate it closely. Some people refer to the cats as “Aby-grabbys” because of their propensity for taking things that catch their interest.

Sometimes it may seem as if the Aby never sleeps. He is ever in motion, jumping up in the window to look at birds or squirrels, leaping on top of the refrigerator to supervise meal preparation, perching on your desk to watch your fingers move over the keyboard and then swiping at them so you’ll pay attention to him instead. This is a playful, persistent cat who adores being the center of attention and will do anything to achieve and maintain that status.

The Aby loves to play, so plan on making or purchasing a variety of toys to keep him occupied. Ping-Pong balls, bottle caps, wadded-up pieces of paper, puzzle toys and teasers such as big peacock feathers will all amuse this busy and brainy cat. Teach him to retrieve at your peril. Once you start, he won’t let you stop. He learns tricks quickly and many Abys enjoy running a feline agility course.

A love of heights is a signal trait of the Abyssinian. He likes to be as high up as possible and will appreciate having one or more ceiling-height cat trees. When those aren’t available, he is perfectly capable of making his way to the uppermost point of any room. Fortunately, he is naturally graceful and rarely breaks items unless it is simply out of curiosity.

Abys are adaptable throughout their lives and fit well into any home where they are loved and given plenty of attention. In a home where people are at work or school during the day, the Aby does best with a companion, ideally another Aby, who can match his activity level. If left to his own devices, the Aby may well dismantle the house in his search for something interesting to do.

Beware! The Aby can be addictive. Once you’ve had one, you may find that no other cat will do.

Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. Problems that may affect the Abyssinian include the following:

  • Early-onset periodontal disease
  • Hyperesthesia syndrome, a neurological problem that can cause cats to excessively groom themselves, leading to hair loss, and to act frantically, especially when they are touched or petted
  • Patellar luxation, a hereditary dislocation of the kneecap that can range from mild to severe. Severe cases can be alleviated with surgery.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, a degenerative eye disease.
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKD), for which a genetic test is available to identify carriers.
  • Renal amyloidosis, a heritable disease that occurs when a type of protein called amyloid is deposited in body organs, primarily the kidneys in Abyssinians. It eventually leads to kidney failure.
The short, fine coat of the Abyssinian is easily cared for with weekly combing to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. A bath when the cat is shedding will help to remove excess hair more quickly.
Brush the teeth to prevent periodontal disease. Daily dental hygiene is best, but weekly brushing is better than nothing. Trim the nails every couple of weeks. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a soft, damp cloth to remove any discharge. Use a separate area of the cloth for each eye so you don’t run the risk of spreading any infection. Check the ears weekly. If they look dirty, wipe them out with a cotton ball or soft damp cloth moistened with a 50-50 mixture of cider vinegar and warm water. Avoid using cotton swabs, which can damage the interior of the ear.

Keep the litter box spotlessly clean. Cats are very particular about bathroom hygiene, and a dirty box may cause them to start using other places in the house instead.

It’s a good idea to keep an Abyssinian as an indoor-only cat to protect him from diseases spread by other cats, attacks by dogs or coyotes, and the other dangers that face cats who go outdoors, such as being hit by a car. Abyssinians who go outdoors also run the risk of being stolen by someone who would like to have such a beautiful cat without paying for it.

The Aby is often said to look as if he had just walked straight out of the wild. That’s because of his ticked coat pattern, which resembles that of wild cats such as cougars. A ticked coat has alternating light and dark bands of color on each hair shaft.

Everything about him suggests his lively, attentive nature. The Aby has a slightly rounded wedge-shaped head topped with large, broad ears, the better to hear you with. Large, almond-shaped eyes of gold or green express interest in everything they see. On the face, dark lines may extend from the eyes and brows.

The muscular body is graceful and athletic. It falls into a middle ground between the stocky, or cobby, body of a breed such as the Persian and the long, svelte body of the Oriental breeds such as the Siamese. The body is supported by slim, fine-boned legs atop small, oval, compact paws. Abys are often said to look as if they are walking on tip-toe. Swishing behind them is a long, tapering tail.

Its bands of color give the Aby’s coat a warm, glowing appearance. To the touch, the medium-length hair is soft and silky with a fine texture.

The coat comes in four main colors: ruddy brown, more artistically described as burnt sienna and ticked with darker brown or black, with tile-red nose leather and black or brown paw pads; red (sometimes called sorrel), a cinnamon shade ticked with chocolate-brown, with pink nose leather and paw pads; blue, a warm beige ticked with various shades of slate blue, with nose leather described as old rose and paw pads as mauve; and fawn, a warm rose-beige ticked with light cocoa-brown, with salmon-colored nose leather and pink paw pads. Some associations permit additional colors, including chocolate, lilac, and various silver tones.

The active and social Abyssinian is a perfect choice for families with children and cat-friendly dogs. He will play fetch as well as any retriever, learns tricks easily and loves the attention he receives from children who treat him politely and with respect. He’s smart enough to get out of the way of toddlers but loves school-age children because they are a match for his energy level and curiosity. Nothing scares him, certainly not dogs, and he will happily make friends with them if they don’t give him any trouble. Abys have also been known to get along with large parrots, ferrets and other animals. Always introduce any pets, even other cats, slowly and in a controlled setting.
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